guyana francese capitale

30 Dic guyana francese capitale

Traduzioni in contesto per "guyana francese" in italiano-inglese da Reverso Context: La specie è stata rinvenuta nella Guyana francese. Traduzioni in contesto per "guyana francese" in italiano-tedesco da Reverso Context: Inoltre, non esiste nella Guyana francese nessuna produzione locale. Französisch Guyana ist etwa so groß wie Portugal und besteht zu 90 Prozent aus tropischem Regenwald. Other mountains include Mont Machalou (782 m, 2,566 ft), Pic Coudreau (711 m, 2,333 ft), Mont St Marcel (635 m, 2,083 ft), Mont Favard (200 m, 660 ft) and Montagne du Mahury (156 m, 512 ft). [40] The inauguration makes it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. Venezuela, Abhängige Gebiete Bis zu 70.000 Menschen aus unterschiedlichen sozialen Schichten waren dort inhaftiert. During World War II and the fall of France to Nazi German forces, Félix Éboué was one of the first to support General Charles de Gaulle of Free France, as early as June 18, 1940. Die französische Armee unterhält in Rochambeau u. a. einen Luftwaffen-Militärstützpunkt. Mittlerweile ist auch das Raumfahrtgelände in Kourou zu einem touristischen Motor der Binnenwirtschaft geworden. Cayenne Capitale della Guyana Francese. The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. Martinique | A Data for the four overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and Réunion, not including the new overseas department of Mayotte. Die Schürfer, welche die eigentliche Arbeit verrichten und großes gesundheitliches wie rechtliches Risiko auf sich nehmen, stehen üblicherweise in einem unterdrückten, sklavenartigen Arbeitsverhältnis zu deren Donos (portugiesisch) im Hintergrund, die oft nicht vor Gewalt zurückschrecken. Guiana procede del término amerindio tierra de muchas aguas. popolazioni storiche e previste (entrambi i sessi) per il periodo 1950-2100 (milioni) La popolazione di fatto a partire dal 1 Guyana Francese … 44 Loire-Atlantique | Following the Grenelle Environment Round Table of 2007, the Grenelle Law II was proposed in 2009, under law number 2010–788. Learn how to create your own. Article 49 of the law proposed the creation of a single organization responsible for environmental conservation in French Guiana. Basse-Normandie | Its capital is Cayenne. During most of the year, rainfall across the country is heavy due to the presence of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and its powerful thunderstorm cells. Januar 2016 abgeschafft und die 19 Kantone in Französisch-Guayana aufgelöst. [2] Social unrest in 2017 paralyzed the economy for several weeks and led to an economic recession (−1.9% in real terms), which sunk the GDP per capita that year. Dél-Amerika északi részén fekszik, Brazíliával és Suriname-mal határos.Területe 83%-át őserdők borítják. Die letztgenannte Gruppe lebt zum großen Teil in Suriname, einige flohen jedoch während des dortigen Bürgerkriegs in den 1980er Jahren vor der herrschenden Militärdiktatur nach Guayana. 76 Seine-Maritime | 21 Côte-d’Or | Es gilt eine Einreise- und Ausgangssperre, die Schulen sind geschlossen und es besteht Maskenpflicht. Zwischen einem Viertel und der Hälfte der Indigenen des Landes halten außerdem an traditionellen Religionen fest; der Zensus gibt dazu 2,2 % der Gesamtbevölkerung an.[8]. There are two flights a day to Paris (Orly Airport), served by Air France and Air Caraïbes. Cayenne (/keɪˈɛn/; French pronunciation: [kajɛn]) is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. [27] In addition, the Guiana Space Centre has played a significant role in the local economy since it was established in Kourou in 1964: it accounted directly and indirectly for 16% of French Guiana's GDP in 2002 (down from 26% in 1994, as the French Guianese economy is becoming increasingly diversified). This map was created by a user. 05 Hautes-Alpes | 79 Deux-Sèvres | Der Weltraumbahnhof ist der wichtigste Pfeiler der Wirtschaft von Französisch-Guayana. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but France did not establish a durable presence until colonists founded Cayenne in 1643. Hektar - das sind 90% der Landesfläche - sind von tropischem Regenwald bedeckt. 1946 wurde Französisch-Guayana als Überseedépartement ein integraler Bestandteil Frankreichs und erhielt so eine eingeschränkte Selbstverwaltung. The Chinese community of Cayenne also participates in the parades by bringing its characteristic touch, with dragons. È un territorio coperto per la stragrande maggioranza di foresta e la popolazione è scarsamente numerosa. Agriculture is largely undeveloped and is mainly confined to the area near the coast and along the Maroni River. Die entflohenen Sklaven fanden in den Urwäldern nahezu die gleichen Lebensbedingungen wie in der Urheimat, den Regenwäldern Zentral- und Westafrikas, von wo sie zuvor verschleppt wurden. : 1818年、仏 領ギアナ に渡り、王室のプランテーションの栽培を監督した。: Arianespace utilizza come sito di lancio il Centre spatial guyanais a Kourou nella Guyana francese. Capital City: Cayenne Other Cities: Saint-Laurent-of-Maroni, Kourou Government: Former French overseas département. 25 Doubs | Cayenne, die Landeshauptstadt des Departements (Französisch-Guayanas untersteht natürlich auch der Bundeshauptstadt Paris), ist eine kleine, europäisch anmutende Stadt. The Petit-Saut Dam, a hydroelectric dam in the north of French Guiana forms an artificial lake and provides hydroelectricity. Poiteau viaggiò nel 1818, in Guyana dove controllò il collocamento in cultura delle abitazioni reali. Its capital is Cayenne. Französisch-Guayana bildet seit den Dezentralisierungsgesetzen von 1982 zugleich ein Département und eine Region Frankreichs. Neukaledonien | A thriving rice production, developed on polders near Mana from the early 1980s to the late 2000s, has almost completely disappeared since 2011 due to marine erosion and new EU plant health rules which forbid the use of many pesticides and fertilizers. The Hmong people are also largely Catholic owing to the influence of missionaries who helped bring them to French Guiana. It is now operated by the CNES, Arianespace and the European Space Agency (ESA). [38] Soon after Operation Harpie Reinforce began, an altercation took place between French authorities and Brazilian miners. Garimpeiros returned to retrieve their lost loot and colleagues. Regional languages include French Guianese Creole (not to be confused with Guyanese Creole), six Amerindian languages (Arawak, Palijur, Kali'na, Wayana, Wayampi, Emerillon), four Maroon creole languages (Saramaka, Paramaccan, Aluku, Ndyuka), as well as Hmong Njua. The French Guiana Assembly is in charge of regional and departmental government. Mit dem angedeuteten Säg… Zudem ist die Bevölkerung mit durchschnittlich 28,6 Jahren sehr jung. [28] The Guiana Space Centre employed 1,659 people in 2012. The city's motto is … 976 Mayotte, Nach 1962 aufgelöste Départements Im Süden des Landes erstreckt sich ein kleineres Mittelgebirge mit maximalen Erhebungen um 800 m, das Massif Tabulaire. Mayotte | 55 Meuse | As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. 69M Métropole de Lyon (ab 2015) | These forests are protected by a national park (the Guiana Amazonian Park), and six additional nature reserves. La Guyana francese si trova nella parte settentrionale dell’America del Sud, tra il Brasile e il Suriname. The Guianese General Council officially adopted a departmental flag in 2010. It is one of only three European Union territories outside Europe that is not an island (the others being the Spanish Autonomous Cities in Africa, Ceuta and Melilla). Eine Einheit der Fremdenlegion, das 3. Geography: Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, … [30], In 2017, the GDP per capita of French Guiana at market exchange rates, not at PPP, was US$18,313 (€16,218),[2] the highest in South America,[31] but only 46.7% of metropolitan France's average GDP per capita that year, and 55.5% of the metropolitan French regions outside the Paris Region. 70 Haute-Saône | [12] Damit ist Französisch-Guayana die ärmste Region Frankreichs. 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques | Limousin | Bill Marshall, Professor of Comparative Cultural Studies at the University of Stirling[6] wrote of French Guiana's origins: The first French effort to colonize Guiana, in 1763, failed utterly, as settlers were subject to high mortality given the numerous tropical diseases and harsh climate: all but 2,000 of the initial 12,000 settlers died. Der Weltraumbahnhof wurde ausgebaut, damit seit Dezember 2011 auch Sojus- und Vegaraketen von Kourou aus starten können. Article 64 proposes a "departmental plan of mining orientation" for French Guiana, which would promote mining (specifically of gold) that is compatible with requirements for environmental protection. 971 Guadeloupe | Aquitanien | Grand Est | An overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America. In 1964, French president Charles de Gaulle decided to construct a space-travel base in French Guiana. Guiana was developed as a slave society, where planters imported Africans as enslaved labourers on large sugar and other plantations in such number as to increase the population. Martinique | French Guiana is divided into 2 arrondissements and 22 communes: French Guiana's main international airport is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, located in the commune of Matoury, a southern suburb of Cayenne. La Guyana diventò una nazione indipendente il 26 maggio 1966. It was first published in France in 1969, describing his escape from a penal colony there. Offset dal tuo fuso orario: ore. E 'posizionato su 91000 km² con una popolazione di circa 195.5 migliaia. 81 Tarn | However, after each operation ends, Brazilian miners, garimpeiros [fr], return. The territory of Inini consisted of most of the interior of French Guiana when it was created in 1930. 08 Ardennes | There have been several phases launched by the French government to combat illegal gold mining in French Guiana, beginning with Operation Anaconda beginning in 2003, followed by Operation Harpie in 2008, 2009 and Operation Harpie Reinforce in 2010. 56 Morbihan | Guiana was designated as a French department in 1797. 14 Calvados | 59 Nord | 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests,[3] a large part of which is primeval rainforest. Französisch-Guayana | Auf der hier abgebildeten Positionskarte ist das im Süden des Landes mit Suriname umstrittene Gebiet Französisch-Guayana zugeschlagen. 87 Haute-Vienne | [29], There is very little manufacturing. Reconsider travel to Guyana due to COVID-19.Exercise increased caution in Guyana due to crime.. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel.. Soil acidity is another cause of the poor soils, and it requires farmers to add lime to their fields. Dieses Hochland weist aufgrund seiner klimatischen Isolation vom Regenwald eine endemische Tier- und Pflanzenwelt auf. Bereits 1498 kam Christoph Kolumbus an der Küste Guayanas an. [15] In a referendum that same year, French Guiana voted against autonomy. 11 Aude | 18 Cher | So ist Französisch-Guayana das französische Département mit der höchsten Geburtenrate. In most parts of French Guiana, rainfall is always heavy especially from December to July – typically over 330 millimetres or 13 inches can be expected each month during this period throughout the department. However, since the Brazilian government is yet to complete its border posts, only passenger vehicles will be allowed through the bridge for the time being. It lies within three ecoregions: Guayanan Highlands moist forests, Guianan moist forests, and Guianan mangroves. 38 Isère | Französisch-Guayana liegt im Norden von Südamerika am Atlantischen Ozean zwischen Brasilien und Suriname bei 4° nördlicher Breite und 53° westlicher Länge. 95 Val-d’Oise (ab 1968), Départements in Übersee (DOM) 68 Haut-Rhin | 90 Territoire de Belfort | French Guiana is home to many different ecosystems: tropical rainforests, coastal mangroves, savannahs, inselbergs and many types of wetlands. Etimología. 1 Wird kulturgeographisch meist Nord- und Mittelamerika zugerechnet. Die internationalen Flughäfen sind für den kommerziellen Flugverkehr geschlossen. Die Ausbreitung der Atemwegserkrankung COVID-19führt auch in Guyana zu verstärkten Einreisekontrollen, Gesundheitsprüfungen mit Temperaturmesserungen, und Einreisesperren. Fuso Orario: UTC -3:00 Religione: cattolica cristiana Pesi e Misure: Sistema metrico decimale Prefisso telefonico: +594 Guiana officially rallied to Free France in 1943. 52 Haute-Marne | 48 Lozère | 03 Allier | French Guiana was originally inhabited by indigenous people: Kalina, Arawak, Galibi, Palikur, Teko, Wayampi and Wayana. Die Mehrheit der Bevölkerung wird durch die Kreolen und Afroguyaner gebildet, deren Vorfahren in der Kolonialzeit von Westafrika nach Französisch-Guayana als Sklaven verschifft wurden. Elsass | Siehe auch: Liste der Präsidenten des Regionalrates von Französisch-Guayana seit 1983, Es gibt ca. Die Bevölkerung wächst auf Grund der hohen Geburtenrate sehr schnell, 1999 hatte das Überseedépartement noch 157.000 Einwohner, 2006 schon 206.000 Einwohner. [26], French Guiana is heavily dependent on mainland France for subsidies, trade, and goods. French Guiana has a tropical rainforest climate predominant. Though Portugal returned the region to France, it kept a military presence until 1817. 69D Rhône | Die ESA betreibt zusammen mit der französischen Raumfahrtbehörde CNES in Kourou den Weltraumbahnhof Centre Spatial Guyanais. 92 Hauts-de-Seine (ab 1968) | 920 Beamte der Französischen Gendarmerie beim Kommando der Gendarmerie (COMGEND) von Guyana. Wallis und Futuna, Mitgliedstaaten der Vereinten Nationen It was intended to replace the Sahara base in Algeria and stimulate economic growth in French Guiana. ), The RSMAG Regiment (Adapted Military Service) of Guyana, located in, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 19:10. [41], The commander of the French armed forces in French Guiana since July 2009 has been General Jean-Pierre Hestin. Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Regionen in Übersee (ROM): [11], In the late 1980s, more than 10,000 Surinamese refugees, mostly Maroons, arrived in French Guiana, fleeing the Surinamese Civil War. Saint-Pierre und Miquelon | Dort startet Arianespace die Trägerraketen vom Typ Ariane mit Kommunikationssatelliten und anderen Nutzlasten. Bedeutende Immigration wird auch aus Südasien verzeichnet. Die Tumuc-Hamac-Berge prägen die Grenze zum Süden. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. Population figures are those recorded in the 2017 census. Über das gesamte Jahr hinweg gibt es konstante Temperaturen, die im Mittel um 28 °C liegen. Durch die Nähe zum Äquator und die vorherrschenden Luftströmungen ist anders als in der Karibik das Auftreten tropischer Wirbelstürme praktisch unmöglich. [9], A border dispute with Brazil arose in the late 19th century over a vast area of jungle, resulting in the short-lived, pro-French, independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. [45][46], Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), Outlying territories of European countries. 62 Pas-de-Calais | 20 Corse (bis 1975) | Capital Cayenne Population 268,700 inhabitants Area 83,534 km² Major language(s) French Major religion(s) Roman Catholicism More information French Guiana, Geography of French Guiana, History of French Guiana and Politics of French Guiana: More images French Guiana - French Guiana … Nach einem französischen Zensus vom 31. Francia Guyana (franciául: Guyane Française, illetve röviden csak Guyane) a Francia Köztársaság egyik tengerentúli megyéje, s mint ilyen, az Európai Unió szerves része. Generally, the Creole population is judged to be about 60–70% of the total population if Haitians (comprising roughly one-third of Creoles) are included, and 30–50% otherwise. Guarda gli esempi di traduzione di Guyana francese nelle frasi, ascolta la pronuncia e impara la grammatica. Guianan cuisine is rich in the different cultures that mix in French Guiana, Creole restaurants rub shoulders with Chinese restaurants in large cities such as Cayenne, Kourou and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. Foto di Didwin973 La Guyana francese è un dipartimento d'oltremare della Francia, si trova in Sud America tra Suriname e Brasile e si affaccia sull'Oceano Atlantico. Lothringen | Lethem is a town in Guyana, located in the Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo region. Es ist nicht zu verwechseln mit der ehemaligen französischen Kolonie Französisch-Guinea (Guinée française), der heutigen Republik Guinea. It was returned to France with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1814. latest news INEWS-December 24, 2020. An asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne to the Brazilian border. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. Altre definizioni con capitale: Tiro ne era la capitale; Nuova __, la capitale indiana; La capitale di Trinidad e Tobago; La capitale sulla Senna. 58 Nièvre | The country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for French Guiana is .gf, but .fr is generally used instead. An übrigen Wirtschaftszweigen sind lediglich die Krabbenfischerei und der Abbau von Gold erwähnenswert. going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure, International Union for Conservation of Nature, European Union territories outside Europe, French National Olympic and Sports Committee, List of colonial and departmental heads of French Guiana, "Estimation de population par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Années 1975 à 2020", "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 2 regions", "Parc amazonien de Guyane, le plus vaste Parc national de France et de l'Union européenne", https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199730414/obo-9780199730414-0253.xml, "Stirling Research Database, Prof Bill Marshall", "Panorama de la population immigrée en Guyane", "Illegal, polluting and dangerous: the gold rush in French Guiana", "The fight against illegal gold mining in French Guiana", "Why one part of South America is facing a total shutdown", "The General Council adopts the Guyanese flag", "French Guiana and Martinique reject increased autonomy", "La Guyane paralysée par les mouvements sociaux", "Guyane : manifestations historiques pour la "journée morte, "Coronavirus : 3 décès en 48h, et 313 nouvelles contaminations indique le Covid info de ce lundi 29 juin", "French Guiana Climate, Average Weather, Temperatures, Rainfall, Sunshine, Humidity, Graphs", "Average Conditions Cayenne, French Guiana", "Portant engagement national pour l'environnement (on national commitment to the environment)", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019 – Gross domestic product per capita, current prices, U.S. dollars", "Le poids du spatial diminue, l'économie de la Guyane se diversifie", "T401 : Taux de chômage localisé au deuxième trimestre par département d'outre-mer", "Les comptes économiques de la Guyane en 2017", "Données harmonisées des recensements de la population 1968–2014", "P3D – Indicateurs généraux de la population par département et région – Séries depuis 1990", "Evolution institutionnelle La Collectivité Territoriale de Guyane", French Guiana: Interview with Colonel Francois Müller, Commander of the Gendarmes, "Ponte entre Brasil e União Europeia é aberta no Amapá após 6 anos pronta", "Comité Régional de Cyclisme de la Guyane", Ex-convict aged 104 claims to be Papillon, Silvolab Guyanae – scientific interest group in French Guiana, French Guiana Travel Guide, Good Addresses and Tips, Officials reports, thesis, scientific papers about French Guiana (en|fr), Training legionnaires to fight in French Guiana, The IRD's database AUBLET2 stores information about botanical specimens collected in the Guianas, mainly in French Guiana. Lo Stato. The French Guiana Honor Division is the main football club tournament. Die höchste Erhebung ist der Bellevue de l’Inini mit 851 m Seehöhe. Die Bevölkerung ist ethnisch sehr durchmischt. Brazilians groups identical to those one meets in the Rio carnival, are also appreciated for their rhythms and their alluring costumes. Bei einer vom französischen Staat initiierten Volksabstimmung über mehr Autonomie des Départements vom 10. 89 Yonne | [18], French Guiana has been impacted severely by the COVID-19 outbreak, with more than 1% of French Guianese testing positive by the end of June 2020.[19]. [20] Located within six degrees of the Equator and rising only to modest elevations, French Guiana is hot and oppressively humid all year round. Jedoch kann nach Artikel 73 der französischen Verfassung auf lokale Besonderheiten Rücksicht genommen werden. The Maroons, descendants of escaped African slaves, live primarily along the Maroni River. The processing industry in French Guiana depends on those vessels’ landings. Bis 2015 bestand als weitere Gliederungsebene die der Kantone, diese wurde zum 1. 37 Indre-et-Loire | French Guiana has been linked to France throughout the 20th century, first as a colony, then as a remote but integral part of the country. French Guiana also sends two senators to the French Senate. Updated 1 February 2014. Der weitaus größte Teil der Bevölkerung lebt an der Küste, wo sich die größten Städte befinden. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. The sentences of the convicts were often long, and the prospect of employment very weak, so the convicts caught butterflies to sell in the international market, both for scientific purposes as well as general collecting. [2] A large part of French Guiana's economy derives from jobs and businesses associated with the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, now the European Space Agency's primary launch site near the equator. Die Forstwirtschaft ist auf Grund des tropischen Regenwaldes ein wichtiger Wirtschaftszweig des Landes. Mit dem Bau der Raketenbasis in Kourou im Jahre 1968 erfolgte eine Verbesserung der wirtschaftlichen Lage des Gebietes. 84 Vaucluse | [34] Guianan Catholics are part of the Diocese of Cayenne. Diese verkleideten Frauengestalten animieren die Maskenbälle, die während der Karnevalszeit jeden Samstagabend stattfinden. French Guiana lies between latitudes 3° and 6° N, and longitudes 51° and 55° W. It consists of two main geographical regions: a coastal strip where the majority of the people live, and dense, near-inaccessible rainforest which gradually rises to the modest peaks of the Tumuc-Humac mountains along the Brazilian frontier. 80 Somme | Le prime tracce di presenza umana in Guiana francese risalgono all'incirca al VI millennio a.C. e consistono in alcune pitture rupestri e vasellame, appartenute a popoli vicini alle attuali tribù dei Wajãpi e degli Emerillon: alle stesse genti è ascrivibile l'inizio del processo di creazione delle aree fertili cosiddette di Terra preta, tipiche del bacino amazzonico, al fine di aumentare la produttività del terreno e quindi la densità abitativa. It is the ninth largest city in France and is the home of the Council of Europe, the European Parliament, and Eurocorps (the European Union's military forces). Then, at the start of the evening, the Touloulous, typical characters of the Guianan carnival, go to the dancings to participate in the famous paré-masked balls. [8] A Portuguese-British naval squadron took French Guiana for the Portuguese Empire in 1809. Becoming an instant bestseller, it was translated into English from the original French by June P. Wilson and Walter B. Michaels for a 1970 edition, and by author Patrick O'Brian. "The violent reaction by the garimpeiros can be explained by the exceptional take of 617 grams of gold, about 20 percent of the quantity seized in 2009 during the battle against illegal mining", said Phillipe Duporge, the director of French Guiana's border police, at a press conference the next day.[39].

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